How Safe is Hernia Mesh?
Concerns over the lack of clinical evidence and medical device testing of hernia mesh products has led to an outcry in the United Kingdom.
New data shows that there are more than 100 different types of surgical hernia mesh that were purchased by the National Health Service (NHS) Trusts from 2012-2018 in England and Scotland to perform the approximately 100,000 hernia operations every year; however, there are concerns about the safety of these products. In the United Kingdom, hernia mesh devices can be approved if they are ‘similar’ to older products—older products which may not have been required to undergo any rigorous testing or clinical trials to determine their safety.
International guidelines estimate that one in 10 patients will experience “significant chronic pain” following mesh repair. Professor Carl Heneghan, a medical device expert at the University of Oxford, explained that the complications may be due to a lack of testing before the hernia mesh products enter the market.
He explained that some devices have only been required to be tested on animals such as rabbits for a short period of time, with the implanted mesh only left inside the animal for a few days. He reported that “if there’s no remaining immune reaction, you pass the test” and the product goes to the market. Professor Heneghan stresses the inadequacy of these tests due to their limited nature and the fact that they cannot test for pain, which is the most common complication of surgeries involving hernia mesh.
Professor Heneghan asserted that there was “no chance” that the more than 100 types of hernia mesh devices used by the NHS were all individually tested because there have not been 100 trials in this area of medical device testing. He calls for the NHS to “immediately” stop using those devices that have “no clinical evidence attached to them whatsoever.”
Exposed Hernia Mesh Manufacturer Video
The UK’s news agency, the BBC, recently viewed a leaked promotional video intended for the medical community that was funded by Ethicon—one of the world’s largest mesh manufacturers.
The video, which is over a decade old, shows a surgeon discussing how some older types of mesh can become “hard as stone” after only one year inside of a patient and can cause damage to the body, including chronic pain. However, the product mentioned in the video is still being sold by Ethicon and used by the NHS in England and Scotland.
How has the UK Government Responded to these Findings and Concerns?
Director of Devices at the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Graeme Tunbridge said that “the benefits and risks of using mesh for hernia repair have been considered in detail by clinicians and the professional bodies who represent them. We continue to monitor and review evidence as it becomes available and will take any appropriate action on that basis.”
Mr. Tunbridge acknowledged that the medical device testing system “does need strengthening” and said that new legislation on medical device testing, which would include strengthening requirements on manufacturers to ensure that sufficient clinical evidence is in place for their products, would take effect in May 2020.
A spokeswoman for the Department of Health and Social Care said that “on the rare occasion where a patient has suffered as a result of a mesh procedure, we are taking steps to improve patient safety- including improving how we listen to patients and how the system learns when concerns are raised.”
How has the U.S. Responded to Hernia Mesh Complications?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers the mesh used for hernia mesh repair surgeries to be safe, but acknowledges that ‘in rare cases’ complications may occur and that the most severe of these complications may be deadly. The FDA also recognizes that complications with the mesh may result in, at the very least, severe pain and require revision surgery.
However, the FDA claims that many of the more severe complications associated with hernia mesh repair pertain to recalled mesh products that are no longer on the U.S. medical device market.
A 2016 study analyzing the long-term recurrence and complications associated with elective incisional hernia repair reported that the number of complications after hernia surgeries increased over a five year span. Out of the 3242 participants in the study, 1050 participants required another abdominal surgery.
What is a Hernia?
A hernia occurs when an organ, intestine, or fatty tissue squeezes through a hole or weak spot in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue. Most commonly, hernias occur at the abdominal wall and sometimes may be visible as an external bulge particularly when straining or bearing down.
Types of Hernias
- Inguinal hernias occur in the inner groin
- Femoral hernias occur in the upper thigh or outer groin
- Incisional hernias occur through an incision or scar in the abdomen
- Ventral hernias occur in the general abdominal or ventral wall
- Umbilical hernias occur near the belly button
- Hiatal hernias occur inside the abdomen, along the upper stomach
How Common are Hernia Repairs?
Hernia repairs are extremely common; more than one million hernia repairs are performed each year in the U.S. Since the 1980s, there has been an increase in mesh-based hernia repairs. Surgical mesh is supposed to strengthen the hernia repair and reduce the rate of recurrence. Currently, more than 90% of the one million plus hernia surgeries performed each year in the U.S. use hernia mesh to perform the repairs.
What is Surgical Hernia Mesh?
Surgical hernia mesh is a medical device used to provide additional support to tissue that has been weakened or damaged by a hernia. Hernia mesh is a surgical implant which often made of a synthetic plastic called polypropylene or animal tissue that reinforces torn or damaged tissue around hernias and strengthens it as it heals.
Synthetic materials can be absorbable, non-absorbable or a combination of both types of materials. Animal-derived mesh is made of animal tissue that has been processed and disinfected to be suitable for use in an implanted device; animal-tissue based mesh is absorbable. Non-absorbable mesh will stay in the body forever and is considered a permanent implant intended to provide permanent reinforcement to the repaired hernia. However, absorbable mesh will degrade over time and is not intended to provide permanent reinforcement. As the material disintegrates, new tissue grows and ideally provides strength to the repair.
What are Hernia Mesh Complications?
The most serious complications of hernia mesh are also some of the most common:
- Adhesion- Scar-like tissue that sticks together and leads to bowel obstructions.
- Bowel obstruction – Occurs if the mesh adheres to the intestines and cuts off blood flow.
- Bowel perforation – Occurs when the hernia mesh punctures or erodes into the bowel.
- Infection – Chronic infection symptoms may not occur until years after hernia mesh surgery.
- Rejection – Materials within the hernia mesh may trigger the body’s immune system and cause the body to reject the mesh.
- Migration – If the hernia mesh detaches after surgery, it can migrate through the abdomen and lead to adhesions, fistulas, abscesses, and bowel obstruction or perforation.
- Recurrence – A common complication of hernia surgery is that hernias may return.
- Chronic pain
Nearly one-third of people who have hernia surgeries experience some type of complication—excessive pain is the most frequent complication. These complications may appear shortly after surgery or years later.
How GoldenbergLaw Can Help You
GoldenbergLaw is currently investigating hernia mesh failure cases where an individual required a revision surgery. If you need a hernia mesh lawyer, we have the expertise and experience to help bring you justice. Contact us today for a free consultation, and let us deliver the Gold Standard you deserve.